The India government began to institute the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Telecom and Networking Products to drive local manufacturing of telecom and networking products and build a strong 5G ecosystem.
India's telecom user base reached a peak of 1.19 billion in 2017 and slipped to 1.143 billion as of April 2022. Its mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 people (tele-density) also gradually went down from 91.9% in 2017 to 83.1%. This shows that both the telecom user base and tele-density in India are reaching saturation.
High penetration of telecom services in urban areas is the main reason hindering India's telecom user base from exceeding the 1.2 billion mark. In contrast, telecom subscribers in rural India maintained above 520 million from 2018 through April 2022, higher than the levels seen in 2015 through 2017, indicating the purchasing power for mobile phones and telecom infrastructure are improving in rural India.